A babe elephant is chosen a dogie. The male is called a bull, and the female is called a cow. A group of elephants is usually called a herd. Elephants take one of the most intricate social structures of any species on Globe.
Female elephants don’t normally requite birth until they are about 15 years old. Meanwhile, males aren’t ready to reproduce until they accomplish the age of about xxx. In one case females mature and become mothers, they may have up to 12 calves in their lifetimes, usually waiting a year after birth to go meaning again. The gestation period for an elephant is 22 months.
Nascency of a Baby Elephant
When the female cow is gear up to give birth, she’ll stay close to other trusted females in her herd to receive protection when she does finally go into labor. Birth is quick, and elephants almost always take just ane baby. The boilerplate calf is about 3 anxiety tall and weighs effectually 120 pounds. The calf’due south mother and other elephants in the herd help it to its feet, and it’s able to stand on its own within 2 hours of birth. At birth, the calf is hairy with a long tail and brusk trunk.
Baby Elephant’due south Kickoff two Years
Elephants don’t mature as quickly as many other animals do, and they typically don’t wean themselves from their mother’s milk until they are about two years one-time. A few days after nascency, the calf is strong plenty to walk and keep upward its herd, although the females in the herd may wearisome their pace to aid whatsoever new babies go along upward with them. During those early months, the calf’s mother and the other females in the herd guide it, teaching information technology which plants are OK to eat and how to stay rubber from predators. After six months, the calf begins eating vegetation in improver to its mother’due south milk.
Adult elephants are the largest land mammal on World. They tin grow to be up to 13 feet at the shoulders and more than 14,000 pounds. They can live upwards to lxx years.
Female-dominated Herds and an Elephant’s Social Life
Having family unit and friends effectually equally office of the herd is important to the elephant’southward life. They live in female-ascendant herds, often casting out males who go off to live alone or in smaller groups. The herd’s oldest female person is usually its leader. Her job is to help with socialization, survival, and finding nutrient and water. Herds typically consist of upwardly to 20 elephants.
Elephants are said to be kind and intelligent, and they greet each other with their trunks. They can identify a friendly elephant upward to 2 miles away through depression sounds and rumbles. Other traits elephants show that aren’t e’er mutual in the animate being kingdom are problem-solving, mourning, and empathy.
Types of Elephants
While there are several subspecies of elephants, there are only two species. African elephants tend to exist larger and live longer. As the name suggests, they live primarily in virtually 37 African countries. Asian elephants are smaller and have a slightly shorter lifespan. They live in at least 13 Asian countries.
Asian elephants typically live in the continent’s forests and rainforests. African elephants live throughout sub-Saharan Africa. They thrive in hot conditions where they take access to plenty of vegetation. When water is thin, elephants can stomp the ground to find underground streams.